In the Caucasus there is a small, but very beautiful with its nature, Kabardino-Balkar Republic. It occupies the highlands of the Great Caucasus mountain range – its northern slopes, as well as part of the adjacent north Ciscaucasian plains. It was in Kabardino-Balkaria, and is amazingly beautiful mountainous region – Elbrus, which is located on the western slopes of Elbrus to Cheget River Basin in the East. Its southern border runs along the Main Caucasian ridge. It is this wonderful area constantly attracts people who are able to assess the splendor of mountaineering and skiing. The western peak has a height of 5642 m, east – 5621 m Elbrus is huge volcanic massif, which is very much separated from the overall structure of the mountain system, determining the peculiarity of this topography, climate and landscapes of the region. The surface of the Mount Elbrus is covered by glaciers, ice thickness reaches 400 meters. Glaciation area about 150 square meters.
km. Elbrus is famous and picturesque gorges, located at an altitude of 2000 meters above sea level and more – Baksan, Adyr-Su, Adil-Su Yusengi, Terskol. Each of them in their own way unique and distinguished by the presence of valuable, in terms of tourism, natural objects. The largest of the holes – Baksan. It is this valley is the main tourist route of Kabardino-Balkaria, and leads to a gray-haired Patriarch of the Caucasus Mountains – Elbrus. In the upper Baksan river and its tributaries and Irik Adylsu, as well as in the Valley of Malki holds much of the mineral springs. All mineral resources have a different Elbrus chemical composition, and therefore can be used to treat various diseases.
In general, the Central Caucasus region belongs to temperate continental climate with clearly marked altitudinal zonation. In some valleys Elbrus more than 300 sunny days a year. Greater transparency of the air and a significant number of hours of sunshine create ideal weather conditions during summer and winter. Average humidity is 67-70% and daytime hours is reduced to 47%. Average annual precipitation depends on the height (increases with height) and from 700 to 1200 mm in some years may increase to 950 mm in the valley. Snow cover is installed in November, in the valley of snow lies roughly mid-April, the alpine zone – until May – June. In general, Elbrus stands relatively high daily temperature, although the average daily fluctuations may be 19 – 22 degrees. Rich and diverse flora of Elbrus. Powerful belt of coniferous forest is replaced by a narrow strip of woodland trees and shrubs that are moving in the subalpine zone, and then alpine meadows. Latest immediately adjacent to the snowfields and firn fields.