Nodes in the network were divided into six domains: gov, com, edu, org, mil and net, to classify the organizations that own these sites. By the early 1980s. new types of files on the Internet – they were multimedia files, which not only contain pictures and sounds, but also hyperlinks allow users to navigate through the file a non-linear way. In 1989, the European project has created new standards for this type of information. The standard for the creation of hypertext files named HTML: Hyper Text Markup Language. Protocol, which will was to serve the files, now known as HTTP: Hyper Text Transfer Protocol. These two components constitute the basis of today’s Internet browser. The software used to download and display of multimedia files on your computer called a browser.
Mosaic – the first browser capable of working with HTML-files, was created by the University of Illinois in 1993 by Mark Andreesenom (Marc Andreesen). It spawned a lot of browsers, including Netscape Navigator, Internet Explorer from Microsoft, web Explorer from IBM, Netcom’s Netcruiser, Lynx, Cello, etc. Browsers support many platforms, including MS Windows, Macintosh OS, OS / 2 and Unix, running on different computer hardware. Multimedia files, downloadable browsers that are divided into parts called pages, each page has links to other pages. At the expense of paging transmission user can flexibly navigate through the information as they need, which saves time and makes more efficient use of the Net. Many pages connected by hyperlinks on the Internet commonly called the World Wide Web, or WWW.
UNIX, developed by Bell Labs (Bell Labs) from AT & T in 1969 – an operating system for medium-or large-scale Internet hosts. Today it is one of the most versatile and popular operating systems Internet. Now a lot of operating systems, but many of them work with only one or two configurations of hardware and not very easy to set up under the shifting needs of users. In addition, UNIX – this is the only operating system that overcomes these boundaries and provides a powerful, flexible and resilient platform that can grow and change with your needs. LINUX, a free version of UNIX, quickly becomes dominant in its version for computers running on microprocessors world-famous corporations ‘Intel’. Currently, the Internet is a multi-functional system, the main functions of which are social, informational, and economic. More and more large and not very companies factories and other institutions ordered the creation of sites in the city of Tyumen. Development of the site allows you to obtain additional of the company, and of target visitors have become regular customers and druzmi firms. Most firms have realized the need for Tyumen your site and the Internet in general, but not that the topic still enters into a stupor of ignorance and clients go to other, more advanced technology-companies. Social function leads to the formation of new forms of communicative behavior in an environment dominated by horizontal communication and not territorial, hierarchical, and temporal boundaries, information – provides storage, search facilities and access to available information, economic – is aimed at obtaining a commercial profit and to stimulate further development of the global information infrastructure.