These are the least populated of Bolivia departments and those who have Sunday a referendum where autonomy, would be approved by ratifying the tendency of the plebiscite of Santa Cruz on May 4 and encouraging to Tarija to do the same on June 22. Autonomy is a demand that has become popular in many sectors of those departments due to the geographical and cultural distances that are opposite the Highland wear and tear due to the fact that Bolivia has been one of the most centralized South American Republics (unlike much of the subcontinent Bolivian departments never elected directly to the authorities). Paradoxically, parties that today drive the Si are those who were in 1971-78 and 1985-2002 Governments without questioning the super centralism. The Government, trade unions and indigenous organizations called to boycott these elections, to which they accuse of racist or separatist, although with this distance themselves from certain regionalist popular sectors while Evo prepares a future coalition with the right. The fundamental problem is not the division Bolivia, but what system of property will be that Republic over lands and natural resources. The elites of the Media Luna want to ensure their interests and fear the leftist threat of agrarian reform or nationalize the hydrocarbons.
The purpose of the right is not so much the breaking of that Republic but generate a social and territorial base to destabilize and subsequently replace the indigenous Government. Evo, for its part, might well try to put an end to this movement expropriating the lands and companies who he calls the camba oligarchy but don’t want to do this for not distancing itself from the business layers and middle Andean and international environment fearing that it allowed an overflow of the most revolutionary sectors. From there we have a game of paradoxes. Right that when it was in power never gave any degree of autonomy to the Crescent now poses the most advanced form of this in the continent. The left which Peru and Ecuador often fuelling regionalism of the Amazonian areas, in Bolivia opposes the Eastern autonomy.
The right which uses the regionalist letter really seeks a national change, left talking of ending with the oligarchy does not want to seize him. Evo stands at a crossroads. He wants to achieve his Republic to join and that it does not have very drastic changes that generate conflicts, so he might be more inclined to seek to reconcile with the directors of the Crescent Moon that do not want to be shifting much free market although it feels great pressure from unions and farmers who require a more radical course.