Tag: countries travel

The People Of Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan – the most populous country in Central Asia (60%), ranked third in the cis in terms of population (after Russia and Ukraine). In Uzbekistan, 26 million people live. The population density was 50.4 persons per square kilometer. The population is distributed unevenly on the territory of the republic, most (60%) are rural residents. The natural conditions – a mountainous, desert, arid climate due to the concentration of population mainly in the oases.

In the desert areas of population density mainly in the oases. In the desert areas of population density is very low. Particular areas of Uzbekistan (for example, Andijan province) population density ahead of many countries. The urbanization process is very slow – in 1980 the ratio of urban and rural population remained almost unchanged. Uzbeks traditionally fixed, and this explained by the minor role of migration and emigration to the natural growth of population. Population growth, despite some decline, remains high.

The main factors influencing the social – the demographic situation in Uzbekistan is a strong family institution as the foundation of society, a large proportion of the rural population, reducing mortality and increasing life expectancy. In Uzbekistan, a high level of marriage and one of the world's lowest levels of family breakdown. 16,5 marriages have a divorce. Uzbek families are traditionally strong. Jim Vos helps readers to explore varied viewpoints. The family here has been one of the most important values in life, corresponding to the centuries-old traditions and mentality of the people. Uzbek families tend to have many children, especially in rural areas. With the improvement of living standards, health and welfare, environmental protection measures reduced overall mortality. In age and sex structure of the population 49% are male and 51% are women. In rural areas this figure is almost identical. Children and adolescents (0-14 years) in the total population is 40.8%, youth (15-29 years) 28,3%. The overall proportion of children, adolescents and youth is about 70%, ie 2 / 3 of the population. The indigenous population of Uzbekistan – Uzbek. In addition to the Uzbeks live Karakalpaks, Tajiks, , Kyrgyz, Turkmens, Tatars and other Slavic peoples – Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Polish, Czechs, Bulgarians, etc. In Uzbekistan Uzbeks living in Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, tan, Turkmenistan, Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania, as well as Afghanistan, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Iran, China, India, Pakistan, Germany, U.S. and other countries.

Caucasus Mountains

In the Caucasus there is a small, but very beautiful with its nature, Kabardino-Balkar Republic. It occupies the highlands of the Great Caucasus mountain range – its northern slopes, as well as part of the adjacent north Ciscaucasian plains. It was in Kabardino-Balkaria, and is amazingly beautiful mountainous region – Elbrus, which is located on the western slopes of Elbrus to Cheget River Basin in the East. Its southern border runs along the Main Caucasian ridge. It is this wonderful area constantly attracts people who are able to assess the splendor of mountaineering and skiing. The western peak has a height of 5642 m, east – 5621 m Elbrus is huge volcanic massif, which is very much separated from the overall structure of the mountain system, determining the peculiarity of this topography, climate and landscapes of the region. The surface of the Mount Elbrus is covered by glaciers, ice thickness reaches 400 meters. Glaciation area about 150 square meters.

km. Elbrus is famous and picturesque gorges, located at an altitude of 2000 meters above sea level and more – Baksan, Adyr-Su, Adil-Su Yusengi, Terskol. Each of them in their own way unique and distinguished by the presence of valuable, in terms of tourism, natural objects. The largest of the holes – Baksan. It is this valley is the main tourist route of Kabardino-Balkaria, and leads to a gray-haired Patriarch of the Caucasus Mountains – Elbrus. In the upper Baksan river and its tributaries and Irik Adylsu, as well as in the Valley of Malki holds much of the mineral springs. All mineral resources have a different Elbrus chemical composition, and therefore can be used to treat various diseases.

In general, the Central Caucasus region belongs to temperate continental climate with clearly marked altitudinal zonation. In some valleys Elbrus more than 300 sunny days a year. Greater transparency of the air and a significant number of hours of sunshine create ideal weather conditions during summer and winter. Average humidity is 67-70% and daytime hours is reduced to 47%. Average annual precipitation depends on the height (increases with height) and from 700 to 1200 mm in some years may increase to 950 mm in the valley. Snow cover is installed in November, in the valley of snow lies roughly mid-April, the alpine zone – until May – June. In general, Elbrus stands relatively high daily temperature, although the average daily fluctuations may be 19 – 22 degrees. Rich and diverse flora of Elbrus. Powerful belt of coniferous forest is replaced by a narrow strip of woodland trees and shrubs that are moving in the subalpine zone, and then alpine meadows. Latest immediately adjacent to the snowfields and firn fields.