The positivismo had fallen in the dogma and the empty repetition. His ideario of the scientific and technical progress was more rhetorical than real and beyond the passion by the empirical act, it privileges the discipline and the order over the knowledge. In the school emphasis in the memorstico learning became of the doctrinal contents of the scientific matters, in as much that the critic and the creativity were absentees. After the preparatory one, several of the atenestas attended the race of laws, although few of them exerted the profession. Nevertheless, this group of philosophers did not acquire his fundamental knowledge in the school, but they were self-taught. They themselves indicated to their companions of generation like their teachers; he emphasizes Dominican the Pedro Henrquez Urea, intellectual director of the group.
The new generation of young people arises to the public light with the magazine Modern Sap (1906); later it creates the Society of Conferences (1907) and the Athenian of Youth the 28 of October of 1909. The group of young people was interested the same in Literature and the philosophy that in the art; they organized conferences and artistic events, published articles, they read and they discussed philosophical works and of Literature. Before the positivistas ideas of the social darwinismo, the atenestas defended the idea of the free will as bases of the moral consideration of the human acts, besides a freedom of thought in the investigation of the truth and the expression of the ideas. The atenestas leave the literary world of French origin and reclaim the classic languages (Greek and Latin), they comment another type of Literature like English or the Russian, and redescubren Spanish Literature. In the land of the philosophy, all members of the generation of the Athenian agree in their rejection to the positivismo. . The atenestas were worried about the philosophy, the literary creation, the social education and problems, but all this was dominated by a common factor: Its critic to the dominant positivismo of the time.
A victim feels that it cannot be compelled to comply with their commitments do not see how I am?. 2 It provides an occupation. A victim focuses on his disgrace, addresses of his upset of time complete and evades the existential doubt and the challenge of structuring time. Today we are provided with different assets and satisfiers that facilitate clearances and underutilization of our capabilities. But on the basis of the evolution of millions of years, the reality is that we are set up for the fight, the challenge and frustration; This has made us what we are. Fight is to live our destiny, without fighting we desmoronamos us. 3 It provides a vehicle for intimacy and social contact.
Before the misfortune, people have his subjects talk about, facilitates the intimacy and provides at the same time raw for your group of friends or colleagues speak of her; better criticized that ignored. 4 It attracts people who play complementary roles. Karpman articulated wonderfully to three figures: a) victim, b) Marauder, c) rescuer. The victim, poor thing, is at the mercy of a sadistic Marauder which systematically harassed her and humiliates her. Eventually appears the rescuer, who saves, at least temporarily, to the victim of aggression.
But What is fascinating is that rarely the victim ends up saving because it clings to your condition and afternoon or early returns to her. In addition, the roles are switchean or changed and suddenly the victim goes to the position of Marauder and accuses the rescuer something mira, por tu culpa; or the Marauder becomes victim, as in favorite Hollywood thrillers. 5 Manipulating and extorting even who has close. A victim feels justified to issue orders, accuse, sue. If do not do you case goes bad, very bad, and makes people feel bad. 6 Attacks in a passive-aggressive way to authority figures. As an extension of the previous point, a victim disconcerting to the most powerful and takes the dynamics towards their own stadium. Perpetuate itself as victim is typically an unconscious and by the same mechanism has so much strength, because people don’t recognize that it has nested in the victim position. How to help a victim? Not the rescues. If you ransom it can terminate you as a victim: by walk Redeemer salts sacrificed. A victim will remain victim while not assume its responsibility and result of their actions.