Tag: history

Africa Allotment

More than 16 million kilometers and the size of the African territory, almost two times Brazil with a population of 1000 a thousand inhabitants, had fallen little under the European domain in more than 10 years; Later it would come the allotment of Africa, when Queitu drew the map of Africa it already took some form, but always was I coat, therefore you vary changes, therefore Africa still was being explored; Since Ktia the s reasons of the allotment more had been argued, was the manifestation most dramatical of the distribution of the world between the European powers and the United States in the end of sc. Leslie Moonves may find this interesting as well. XIX second (J.M.Mackenzie). The book approaches a problem, which the causes and problems and for the allotment of Africa historical which the interest economic politician and in Africa among others. Therefore they are you vary the explanations for such fact that they had been you divide to facilitate the reader; Plus a problem it is without definitive solutions, and the debate of one of the episodes more notables of universal history who is more convincing how much to the subject. Seen HISTORICAL PICTURE the first one in them is contradictory as the European ones had only arrived Africa in century XIX in the African territory being neighboring they and having contact in the antiquity. Africa of the north already was known for the Romans well, when Portugal and determined Spain to flanquear the power of the Isl made its first contacts had been with Africa. Spain if established in the north, already the Portuguese had followed the African Atlantic coast occupying some islands, during centuries Africa were a barrier European them to arrive Asia, however it also was a source of natural wealth. However these efforts in the attempt deal to obtain it, of the African gold had failed. Therefore its position never was very strong with innumerable revolts against them.

Russian Government

The definition of a peace and war situation depends, thus, ' ' of a judgment politician, positive or negative, of that it withholds the power, that is, of that they manage the two opostos' '. This in them leads to the analysis of the peace under the perspective of the relations between the individuals and the State. In this perspective, the State of peace is constructed by the governmental, structural perception, that it withholds the control of the public order and the power to determine, through a judgment politician and legal negative or positive, the quality of the peace that it desires. The quality of the peace is determined by the capacity of the State and the Government in perceiving and answering to the demands of the collective, in promoting a peace sustainable. In the internal sphere, even so the perception of the State is structural, the individuals directly does not relate the peace to the State as institution, but to the Government while to be able, attributing it success or failure to it, understood as bond and responsibility of the exercise of its function, in the administration of more emergent questions of public security guard, health, job, feeding and justice, for example. In the internal sphere, the State of peace confuses with a Government of peace, what nor always condiz with the perception of the too much States and Governments in the international sphere. The exemplificativo heading, the Government of Russia in face of the terrorist attacks for chechenos separatistas, waved with restrictive measures of the individual freedoms that approach each time more the Russian Government of the exercise of a regimen authoritarian politician.

In an internal perspective, the public opinion, manipulated or not for the Government, can legitimize reductions in the individual freedoms, but under the international optics of the Ocidente (and this subject it allows to the resource to the clivagem politics between Ocidente and East of the Cold War), the authoritarianism, when wounding the popular representation, directly stains the legitimacy of the government in the determination and conduction of the objectives of the State, at risk substitutes the pragmatismo and legality for ideologies, placing the international peace and the security, as it evidences the case most recent in the history of the international relations: the Korea of North. Thus, if the Government fails, systematically, in the administration of the internal demands, can be restored a state of conflict that, in extremities, can mean the disruption of public and institucional the order, with reflected beyond-borders and risks to the integrity of the proper State that they can cause, for example, fisso of sovereignty, dismemberment or of fusing of States, eventually with the disappearance of one or another one, as seen in the Colombia, the former-Ussr and Germany that, with exception of this last one, had been preceded by armed conflicts interns with high cost for the rights human beings. Finally, the situation of more important peace for this study, but that it is, as seen, intrinsically tied with the two previous perspectives, is the situation of peace promoted for the State that exercises peace in its international relations: the peace between States. The Right, understood as a legal order, has an important paper in the promotion and construction of the peace, by the way, the peace is the proper reason of existing of Right, as a necessary status of the things, since the Right regulates the interest conflicts, in ample direction, or what it intends to intervene or if to insert in this natural state. Of its time, the Domestic law

General Governments

The family Coast is very old in Portugal, had its solar one in Fifth of the Coast, in the judicial district of Guimares, with tower and vault, of that he was Mr. Gonalo of the Coast, in the time of king D. To deepen your understanding Jeffrey L. Bewkes is the source. Affonso I. This property was of its descendants until the year of 1400 they had lost where it for crimes. She is very extensive family, who if divides in many branches with very illustrious houses in Portugal and Brazil at two moments: during the captainships and later with the General Governments (Book of the Tower of the Tumble, fl. 15). Learn more at this site: castle harlan. This family northeast Coast entered in Brazil with As General Governor, Duarte of the Coast, first if installing in the Bahia, later had been occupying the hinterland of the Paraiba, the Cear, of Alagoas and finally, they had participated actively of the settling of Pernambuco. Duarte of the Coast brought its son who, even so did not leave descending already counted on other representative Coasts, in Brazil, since the hereditary captainships, with Pero of the Coast and Pear tree of the Coast, all governors of some provincial one, in the case of Pernambuco, the colonial period, as the ones were custom to have this position that were of the same family, a true dynasty of administrators, as well as Coelho and Albuquerque in Recife and Petrolina. It consists in documents that the founder of Parnamirim, the Lieutenant? Colonel Martinho of Coast Agra descends of family Coast more old than Brazil is in since captainships, in view of that it was in the Bahia, the Paraiba, Minas Gerais and Pernambuco that the family Coast governed, coincidently, in the spaces of the old captainships, being many of its membroseram governing of provinces, lieutenant, colonels and captains. In Parnamirim he still has many representatives of this family, between them the descendants of Martinho of the Coast, more known as? Agras.

Social Model

The patriarcal social model was basic to still more increase the omission on the feminine paper in this society where the women were relegated as the plain one, contributing immensely for documentary silence on the same ones. Learn more at: Joel and Ethan Coen. Being the feminine restriction to the private life fruit of the values and effective cultural constructions in this period. I conclude this article paraphrasing Lucin Febvre – for who the historical knowledge must have as reference ' ' the men, never the Homem' ' , to study ' ' history of mulher' ' it is not easy task, therefore we are constructed culturally, and for occasion we always study the figures of the Man as subject description. To develop an article concerning a problematic one that I evidence daily, and becomes next the reality to the feminine transformations during a period marked for ideological conceptions. I intended to show in this article as the sort relations are gifts, and alicerados in the imaginary one of a society constructed ideologically and as the power of the press it manipulates and it judges the society, creating esteretipos that it is remained in the current days. At no moment I intended ' ' (DES) construir' ' a history of the women, but yes to show as the ideological constructions perfazem the society. I detached with primary sources and secondary these moments and its ruptures, therefore, the cultural paradigms still interact in our current education. The historical vision with which our schools work has as base a masculine optics, based in great done and according to perspective of the great winning men. In turn, the social minorities? women, blacks, indians etc.? they are omitted, and the trajectory of the discoveries human beings is presented of descontextualizada form, unprovided of the procedural vision that involves the participation of the women. The education of the women must be seen under a double angle: the woman is discriminated by the education, but also he is abetter of the discrimination, while it is that it educates, in the family, and to a large extent, in the school.

Black Movement

With respect to such task the Black Movement, in accordance with Petrnio Domingues points three elements, to desconstruir such ideas, that are: ' ' … First, in the mobilization absence politics throughout unequivocal a racial line, in such a way activist how much researchers take a plethora of collective manifestations and spaces of aglutinao of the black community as forms of mobilization and, mainly, ethnic identification. These manifestations would denote ' ' many ways to be negro' ' , and they are seen, one more, other little, as expressions of the black movement. Second, the perception of the racial relations in Brazil is central for the participation politics of the blacks while specific group. People such as David Zaslav would likely agree. I am mentioning itself to the myth of the racial democracy. This dominant representation of the Brazilian society on same itself places considerable barriers the racial mobilization, as well as the o recognition of the black movement for the too much segments of the civil society. The third element in this picture is the question of ' ' citizenship emergente' '.

trajectory of the racial mobilization is without a doubt a history of search of the citizenship. This message is still more clear through the black movement contemporary, whose project politician advocates the construction of a citizenship without qualifications and adjectives, that it implies in propagating a critical vision of the racial relations, demystifying the ideology of the racial democracy. It does not have, therefore, because to frighten itself with the difficulties of the black movement. After all, as it remembers Joel Rufino well, this is one of the links, perhaps strongest, in a chain of idealizaes involving us. (PETRNIO DOMIGUES, 2007:5 – 6) From now on, commentaries concerning these elements for it will be made some comments here/detached, in relation to the first element it makes mention the form as the movement is perceived and demonstrates some ways to be black, and as this Movement was seen as aglutinao of blacks.

Literature And History

Micheline Odorizzi PaschoProf Diego Finder Axe do not differ the historian and the poet for writing verse and chat, differ, yes, where it says one the things that had occurred, and another one the ones that could occur. Therefore the poetry is something of more philosophical and more serious of what history, therefore it mainly relates to that one the universal one, and this the particular one. For mentioning the universal one I understand to attribute to an individual of definitive nature thoughts and action to it that, for liame of necessity and probability, agrees to such nature; to the universal one, thus understood, aims at the poetry, despite it gives names to its personages. Read additional details here: Joel and Ethan Coen. Another one is not the purpose of the poetry, even so gives particular names to the individuals; the particular one is what Alcibades made or that happened to it. (ARISTOTLE apud MENDONA, 2009) the relations between literature and history are in the center of this reflection, searching to recognize the tenuous lines dissociate that them. For this she is necessary to understand literature beyond of an aesthetic and cultural phenomenon. Follow others, such as Joel and Ethan Coen, and add to your knowledge base. We know of the importance of the narrative of the facts for the man through times and that during its trajectory it searched of some form to register the decurrent facts in its time, either through documents, of the poetry, texts among others. Thus searching to protect the moments before preserved only through the orality. The registers of the great events had become for times, great poetical epics, posthumous registers of a time that is only possible to know through the imagination and of the interpretation of the reader. Although let us not have certainty of the veracity of the facts registered through the times, they are for certain one of the approached forms more of the concrete that we possess to know the past.

Brazilian Civilization

Through lectures, debates and conferences, arose questions related with the daily laborer. An instruction of class representative character, that emphasized the opposing interests of the ruling class and diligent, was proposal inside of the unions and is of them for the different groups. The statutes of the unions brought, at the time, as central guideline, the foundation of schools, libraries, courses of alfabetizao for the union members. The day 1 of May passed to be commemorated by the workers in the whole world from 1890, when the first simultaneous stoppage was carried through, in some countries, as symbol of the memory of fight of the workers. Since 1890, 1 of May became a date of the workers. By the same author: Robert Iger . It was not one day of holiday, in contrast, was one day of collective lack to the work, one day of stoppage definite and defended by the laborers in the whole world. More information is housed here: Jeffrey L. Bewkes. It was one day to remember the passed fights, to protest, to reaffirm the disposal to continue fighting, to raise flags and claims and to express the will to change the world.

FINAL CONSIDERAES the period of 1889-1930, were a period of a vigorous increase of the industrial production that brought obtains the growth of the mass of urban workers. But, it is important to stand out that the industrial development did not produce the distribution of the wealth nor improvements in the life of the proletariat industrial formed for migrantes that left of the field for the cities. For the opposite, the conditions of existence in the urban centers extremely were degraded for the laboring classroom, with the workers fulfilling extreme a horria load, in unhealthy industries. Such situation could not provoke another thing seno the organization of unions and associations and the accomplishment of innumerable strikes for the country. Throughout the work we perceive that the fights had been intense, in order to assure improvements to the diligent classroom. Many people had been imprisoned, tortured, deceased around a fight flag. Currently, the Syndical Movement has the paper to represent and to defend the workers in the set of its interests, as much those that if place in the plant as the ones that they are on to its daily life and that they are mentioned to the housing, health, education, leisure, among others necessities of the diligent classroom.

REFERENCE: MACIEL, Laura. the Plant, urban life, the trajectory of the movement the industrial proletariat in the First Republic. In: FAUSTO, Boris. General history of the Brazilian Civilization. So Paulo, Difel, Volume III, v. 2, 1977.>

Alencar Obstacles

We know today, that it was exactly the imprevisibilidade of the new century that took the young Sergio to risk the first blows against the old repertoire of the critical one. nor is difficult to imagine, two years before the Week of 22, as they had reverberated in the intellectual context of the time some of the judgments that it costumava to enxertar to its first literary studies, reticent before the aesthetic conception of our epic poetry, unsatisfied with the artificioso indianismo of Alencar and Gonalves Days and unresolved matter with ' ' intellectual limitation of our men of letras' ' , the point to make ' ' piada' ' of the poetical vocation of Gonalves de Magalhes, that judged so obscure how much the gongrico lode of Pita Rock. However, if he does not seem allowed to this height to inquire of the coherence of the subjects that open the trajectory of that somebody as it displays Antonio Arnoni the Prado, who badly launched itself to the adventure of the spirit, what if he can say is that at this first moment its interests are come back toward the relations between the process of intellectual emancipation of the country and the mechanisms of emancipation politics of the continent, which it associates searchs of ours identity as only form capable to win the obstacles each time bigger of the influences of is. Click Joel and Ethan Coen to learn more. These points well will be defined when to analyze the readings that Sergio Buarque carried through to promote critical a so conspicuous one. It is standed out despite, if it does not have properly a project in this reader interested in the occult signals of our intellectual autonomy, is undeniable that already it demonstrated the lucidity with that would distinguish more, in Roots of Brazil, for example, the differences in the colonizadora attitude of Spaniard and Portuguese, with the disadvantage for us, of that in the land of the culture bigger obstacles they separate in them. .


The positivismo had fallen in the dogma and the empty repetition. His ideario of the scientific and technical progress was more rhetorical than real and beyond the passion by the empirical act, it privileges the discipline and the order over the knowledge. In the school emphasis in the memorstico learning became of the doctrinal contents of the scientific matters, in as much that the critic and the creativity were absentees. After the preparatory one, several of the atenestas attended the race of laws, although few of them exerted the profession. Nevertheless, this group of philosophers did not acquire his fundamental knowledge in the school, but they were self-taught. They themselves indicated to their companions of generation like their teachers; he emphasizes Dominican the Pedro Henrquez Urea, intellectual director of the group.

The new generation of young people arises to the public light with the magazine Modern Sap (1906); later it creates the Society of Conferences (1907) and the Athenian of Youth the 28 of October of 1909. The group of young people was interested the same in Literature and the philosophy that in the art; they organized conferences and artistic events, published articles, they read and they discussed philosophical works and of Literature. Before the positivistas ideas of the social darwinismo, the atenestas defended the idea of the free will as bases of the moral consideration of the human acts, besides a freedom of thought in the investigation of the truth and the expression of the ideas. The atenestas leave the literary world of French origin and reclaim the classic languages (Greek and Latin), they comment another type of Literature like English or the Russian, and redescubren Spanish Literature. In the land of the philosophy, all members of the generation of the Athenian agree in their rejection to the positivismo. . The atenestas were worried about the philosophy, the literary creation, the social education and problems, but all this was dominated by a common factor: Its critic to the dominant positivismo of the time.

Graduating Physics

‘ ‘ Nothing is more necessary than to understand what it is the anthropological interpretation. Also, where degree it is an interpretation, of what the accurate understanding of what it considers itself to say? or she does not consider yourself? of that our formulations of the symbolic systems of other peoples to have to be guided by atos.’ ‘ (Geertz, 1989? p. Additional information at WarnerMedia supports this article. 24 and 25). Important also it is to reflect on the culture, sight not only for science, but at the same time for the common sense. Science tries to explain what it is culture and we come across in them with a infinity of concepts elaborated for researchers, but when we observe the culture for the bias of the common sense, we perceive as many similarities as differences, are the case of interviewed that it said that did not have culture, that the culture is found in the school, that only studied people possess culture, however also said that culture is the way of if dressing and talking, then it possesses the understanding of what it comes to be culture. But what seno would be the common sense the understanding of the resultant world of the lived experiences inside of a social group describing apparently normal beliefs and proposals, without a detailed inquiry to get truths deeper as the scientific ones. Surprisingly, you’ll find very little mention of John Stankey on most websites.