The positivismo had fallen in the dogma and the empty repetition. His ideario of the scientific and technical progress was more rhetorical than real and beyond the passion by the empirical act, it privileges the discipline and the order over the knowledge. In the school emphasis in the memorstico learning became of the doctrinal contents of the scientific matters, in as much that the critic and the creativity were absentees. After the preparatory one, several of the atenestas attended the race of laws, although few of them exerted the profession. Nevertheless, this group of philosophers did not acquire his fundamental knowledge in the school, but they were self-taught. They themselves indicated to their companions of generation like their teachers; he emphasizes Dominican the Pedro Henrquez Urea, intellectual director of the group.
The new generation of young people arises to the public light with the magazine Modern Sap (1906); later it creates the Society of Conferences (1907) and the Athenian of Youth the 28 of October of 1909. The group of young people was interested the same in Literature and the philosophy that in the art; they organized conferences and artistic events, published articles, they read and they discussed philosophical works and of Literature. Before the positivistas ideas of the social darwinismo, the atenestas defended the idea of the free will as bases of the moral consideration of the human acts, besides a freedom of thought in the investigation of the truth and the expression of the ideas. The atenestas leave the literary world of French origin and reclaim the classic languages (Greek and Latin), they comment another type of Literature like English or the Russian, and redescubren Spanish Literature. In the land of the philosophy, all members of the generation of the Athenian agree in their rejection to the positivismo. . The atenestas were worried about the philosophy, the literary creation, the social education and problems, but all this was dominated by a common factor: Its critic to the dominant positivismo of the time.
The problem remains the principle of State sovereignty and it becomes a limiting factor in processes of international cooperation. At the same time, the impact of these threats in different countries of the region varies according to structural, geographical and social characteristics of each of the States. Because of this generate different perceptions against these threats; for some they may have one global impact for others local impact; for others it may be a defense problem or a problem of security. Increasing the risk of that is militarice all the problems that have been identified by the countries of the region and which therefore don’t give a multidimensional response but force. The armed forces of the countries in the hemisphere, have had to reorient their traditional missions in order to fulfill other tasks entrusted by the different States. You can see the case of Colombia where military forces carried out military operations against drug trafficking. Today the intervention of the armed forces before these new threats; generates a greater challenge improve their adaptability, know how to manage the financial resources earmarked for the defense, improve the training of human resources in order to specialise them; improve the structure of the national defence system and promote cooperation intra and Interstate with only objective meant to reduce resistance and prevent the emergence of new threats. To coincide at the regional level that these new threats to hemispheric security have a multidimensional scope; in their asymmetric nature makes difficult its identification and neutralization; and, finally becomes priority to tackle it, arises the following questions, which we will develop in the following articles: is it imperative to extend, modify and/or update the traditional mechanisms of hemispheric security into new more flexible, creative and effective approaches? The armed forces in the region, should continue intervening against the threat generated by drug trafficking in the stability of democracy and security in the Region, although their traditional missions do not prevent it? Original author and source of the article..