The origin of this community relates to the persecution the family Sanchez had, as a result of the Court of the patrician Francisco de el Rosario Sanchez by General Pedro Santana. This family settled at a geographic point distant from the capital, looking for natural protection and ensuring anonymity. Particularly in San Juan, lived in the town of Juan de Herrera, where some spent the Party Central of the municipality of Bohechio, which today is known by the name of ArroyoCano. Most of the research coincide in stating the foundation of this town in the first half of the 1870s. It was the main section of Bohechio since it acquired the category of municipality in 1974 and raised to Municipal District by 108-04 law, promulgated on 24 February of the year 2004. Arroyo Cano’s main economic activity is agriculture, standing out among the main reublos the following: coffee, beans, corn, SYN., avocado, among others. The coffee production: the Coffee production is part of the culture of Arroyo Cano, is linked to its tradition and its daily live.

1985 Backward cultivation and production of this aromatic grain somehow marked the rhythm of life of the inhabitants of this area. The school calendar, holiday activities, and religious commemorations revolved around the harvest of coffee. The House remained virtually empty for three months, October to December, the optimal harvest season and this process would wrap to all members of the family; each performed a work in the production chain. The loss of the value of the coffee price in the international market and the entry of other countries to the list of producers, and removed the profitability to the coffee production. Today, while the value has improved, produce a quintal costs about RD$ 3,500.00 and its selling price round the RD$ 3,600.00 the high cost of production of coffee and its low profitability has led farmers in Arroyo Cano to explore another field, and are directing its activities to the development of plantations of avocado and citrus, while coffee plantations are maintained as a family heritage without that this constitutes the basis of sustensacion that was before.