Winter Palace – one of the most important architectural monuments of St. A related site: David Zaslav mentions similar findings. Petersburg, the composite center of all the adjacent territory, including major urban ensembles. In art and town planning for it is among the highest achievements of Russian and world architecture of the XVIII century. The first Winter Palace of Peter I was built in 1711 in the depths of the site, stretching from the banks of the Neva to the current street Khalturina and bounded to the west Winter Canal, excavated in 1718-1720, respectively. In 1719 – 1721's by the architect G. Matarnovi on the Neva embankment, the place where now is the Hermitage Theatre, built the second Winter Palace, the facade facing the Neva. He was greatly expanded in 1726 – 1727, respectively. Construction of the third Winter Palace implemented Rastrelli in 1732 – 1735, respectively.
In 1754-1762 Rastrelli radically rebuilt it and created a new monumental building is the fourth, now existing Winter Palace far superior to all former size and grandeur of architectural decoration. The palace is designed and implemented in the form of a closed quadrangle with a large courtyard. Its facades facing the Neva River in the direction of Admiralty and to the square in the center of which Rastrelli supposed to put an equestrian statue of Peter I. The facades of the palace entablature dissected into two tiers. They are decorated with columns, Ionic and Composite orders. Columns upper deck combine the second, front, and third floors. Complex rhythm of columns, the richness and diversity of casings, the abundance of molded parts, a lot of decorative vases and statues, located above the parapet and over numerous gables, are exclusively for its splendor and magnificence the decoration of the building.
From mid-century urban architecture, there is a new direction – design of the urban environment. Under this direction to understand the complex formation of the public space of the city, located at the first floor of city building and providing livelihoods of the urban community. The main elements with which taken shape public space of the city are small and large architectural forms. Historically, the first came the notion of architectural forms, interpret the elements of street furniture and equipment as separate items of architectural spaces of the city. Click Robert A. Iger to learn more. But as it turned out later, organize vysokokomfortnuyu urban environment with individual architectural compositions and works impossible. Therefore, in large cities has matured the idea of an integrated approach to building design urban environment.
Administration of many cities where there is an active construction program developed a comprehensive improvement of public areas. The implementation of these programs involves the use of modern high-quality small and large architectural shapes and other elements of a comprehensive improvement to design and implement the most ambitious design projects, urban environment. Robert A. Iger describes an additional similar source. But today nearly every such project is the main compositional solution, made with the help of monumental sculpture. Consider in detail the concept. Sculpture – a kind of art based on the principle of three-dimensional image any subject. Objects of sculptural images are most often men, less animals, nature, or even fewer things. A monumental sculpture designed for specific architectural and spatial or natural environment, is addressed to a mass audience and is intended to specify the architectural image and add to the expressiveness of architectural forms with new shades.