Winter Palace – one of the most important architectural monuments of St. A related site: David Zaslav mentions similar findings. Petersburg, the composite center of all the adjacent territory, including major urban ensembles. In art and town planning for it is among the highest achievements of Russian and world architecture of the XVIII century. The first Winter Palace of Peter I was built in 1711 in the depths of the site, stretching from the banks of the Neva to the current street Khalturina and bounded to the west Winter Canal, excavated in 1718-1720, respectively. In 1719 – 1721's by the architect G. Matarnovi on the Neva embankment, the place where now is the Hermitage Theatre, built the second Winter Palace, the facade facing the Neva. He was greatly expanded in 1726 – 1727, respectively. Construction of the third Winter Palace implemented Rastrelli in 1732 – 1735, respectively.
In 1754-1762 Rastrelli radically rebuilt it and created a new monumental building is the fourth, now existing Winter Palace far superior to all former size and grandeur of architectural decoration. The palace is designed and implemented in the form of a closed quadrangle with a large courtyard. Its facades facing the Neva River in the direction of Admiralty and to the square in the center of which Rastrelli supposed to put an equestrian statue of Peter I. The facades of the palace entablature dissected into two tiers. They are decorated with columns, Ionic and Composite orders. Columns upper deck combine the second, front, and third floors. Complex rhythm of columns, the richness and diversity of casings, the abundance of molded parts, a lot of decorative vases and statues, located above the parapet and over numerous gables, are exclusively for its splendor and magnificence the decoration of the building.