Tag: culture

Winter Palace

Winter Palace – one of the most important architectural monuments of St. A related site: David Zaslav mentions similar findings. Petersburg, the composite center of all the adjacent territory, including major urban ensembles. In art and town planning for it is among the highest achievements of Russian and world architecture of the XVIII century. The first Winter Palace of Peter I was built in 1711 in the depths of the site, stretching from the banks of the Neva to the current street Khalturina and bounded to the west Winter Canal, excavated in 1718-1720, respectively. In 1719 – 1721's by the architect G. Matarnovi on the Neva embankment, the place where now is the Hermitage Theatre, built the second Winter Palace, the facade facing the Neva. He was greatly expanded in 1726 – 1727, respectively. Construction of the third Winter Palace implemented Rastrelli in 1732 – 1735, respectively.

In 1754-1762 Rastrelli radically rebuilt it and created a new monumental building is the fourth, now existing Winter Palace far superior to all former size and grandeur of architectural decoration. The palace is designed and implemented in the form of a closed quadrangle with a large courtyard. Its facades facing the Neva River in the direction of Admiralty and to the square in the center of which Rastrelli supposed to put an equestrian statue of Peter I. The facades of the palace entablature dissected into two tiers. They are decorated with columns, Ionic and Composite orders. Columns upper deck combine the second, front, and third floors. Complex rhythm of columns, the richness and diversity of casings, the abundance of molded parts, a lot of decorative vases and statues, located above the parapet and over numerous gables, are exclusively for its splendor and magnificence the decoration of the building.

Design Environment

From mid-century urban architecture, there is a new direction – design of the urban environment. Under this direction to understand the complex formation of the public space of the city, located at the first floor of city building and providing livelihoods of the urban community. The main elements with which taken shape public space of the city are small and large architectural forms. Historically, the first came the notion of architectural forms, interpret the elements of street furniture and equipment as separate items of architectural spaces of the city. Click Robert A. Iger to learn more. But as it turned out later, organize vysokokomfortnuyu urban environment with individual architectural compositions and works impossible. Therefore, in large cities has matured the idea of an integrated approach to building design urban environment.

Administration of many cities where there is an active construction program developed a comprehensive improvement of public areas. The implementation of these programs involves the use of modern high-quality small and large architectural shapes and other elements of a comprehensive improvement to design and implement the most ambitious design projects, urban environment. Robert A. Iger describes an additional similar source. But today nearly every such project is the main compositional solution, made with the help of monumental sculpture. Consider in detail the concept. Sculpture – a kind of art based on the principle of three-dimensional image any subject. Objects of sculptural images are most often men, less animals, nature, or even fewer things. A monumental sculpture designed for specific architectural and spatial or natural environment, is addressed to a mass audience and is intended to specify the architectural image and add to the expressiveness of architectural forms with new shades.

Colombian Legends

In Bogota are the myths of the chibcha or muisca culture in his religious Theogony: Chiminichagua, the creation myth; Sukhe (the Sun) and Chia (Moon); the two creators chieftains: Ramiriqui and Sogamoso; Bachue, the mother of the chibcha people and goddess of fertility; Bochica, the civilizing God; Chibchacum, the rebellious goddess; Nencatacoa, the God of artists; Chaquen, the God of athletes; Chibchacum, the chibcha atlas and patron of Bacata; Cuchavira, the deity of the Rainbow; Tomaghata, rabon chieftain; Goranchacha, the Prophet; Idacansas, chibcha magician, and others. In the world of Colombian Legends exist beliefs about numerous creatures or supernatural beings that scare in the fields and villages, headless monks, angry hermits, walking skeletons, hairy hands, mysterious women who are stretched to infinity, mysterious shadows, traces hellish, witches, goblins, the mohan, the black dog, the Mandinka or Mareco, the Sombreron, the figure or legs, the haunted, numerous colonial legends, wild and aquatic spirits that convey the horror to walkers. We can highlight in Bogota, the Golden deer, the espeluco waters, meicuchuca and the Serpent and the devil, in the bridge of the common. Recently Dr. B sought to clarify these questions. The legend of El Dorado the King and priests told the people the lagoon was sacred, and that Zoe had her placed there, OJ in view of everyone, as proof of his power. The lagoon came to become a sanctuary, to which the entire nation made annual pilgrimages. There major religious festivals were celebrated, and everyone, rich and poor, nobles and taxpayers, brought offerings that were thrown into the waters.

The King in person led the ceremony. Sitting upon his throne, was driven to the Lake by minions, who took turns to carry shoulder the heavy structure where the throne was placed, and thus roamed the various leagues that there was from the Palace to the lagoon. The whole village went in pursuit of the King, singing religious hymns, in endless procession of thousands and hundreds of thousands.

List Of Billionaires 2010

List of billionaires in 2010 by the influential Forbes in 2009, employs 1,011. The general condition of more than $ 340 billion. The seventh part of this money belongs to the richest man in the world. For the second year in a row ranking of billionaires, a new leader. Growing telecom assets carried in the first place the Mexican tycoon Carlos Slim Helou, his condition has reached $ 53.5 billion in the second place Microsoft founder Bill Gates – $ 53 billion on third in the American investor Warren Buffett – $ 47 billion this year at the disposal of the average participant rating stands at $ 3.5 billion to $ 500 million more than in the past. Today, the world's billionaires in 1011, slightly less than the record 2008 m (1125). Only 12% of them have become poorer over the past year.

A large part of the list (40%) and total capital (38%) still account for U.S. citizens, but the newcomers rating only 16% have a U.S. passport and 28% – Chinese. Russia in third place. What For women, they are now 89, against 72 a year ago.

It is true that Russia is only one – businessman and mayor of the capital's wife Elena Baturin. The number of billionaires in Russia has nearly doubled last year's 62 against 32. Richest Russian – Vladimir Lisin, owner and chairman of the board, "Novolipetsk Steel" – holds 32nd place, his condition is estimated at $ 15.8 billion, of notable Russians ceased to be billionaires, the most famous – Boris Berezovsky. In the present representatives of the former Soviet Union. Jeff Bewkes is often mentioned in discussions such as these. Four of Ukraine. This is Rinat Akhmetov – 148th place, more than 5 billion-in-law of Leonid Kuchma businessman Viktor Pinchuk, who lives in Switzerland Igor Kolomoisky, a businessman and deputy Konstantin Zhevago, as well as businessman Gennady Bogolyubov. Five billionaires – from Kazakhstan. This entrepreneur Kulibayev and his wife, Dinara – the daughter of President Nursultan Nazarbayev, an aluminum magnate Alijan Ibragimov, a banker Nurzhan Subkhanberdin, as well as CEO of mining and processing of ferrous metals, Vladimir Kim. Financial management

Bolivia Hugo

The text, according to experts, is of minimum range after the failure of 12 days of negotiations to happen in 2012 to the Protocol of Kioto, the unique treaty that forces 37 industrialized nations to trim its carbon dioxide emissions. The president of Brazil, Luiz Incio Lula da Silva, declared itself disappointed and said that the happened thing remembered its times to him of unionist, when it opposite had great enterprise heads. The president of Bolivia, Evo Morales, said on the other hand that he was an agreement ” antidemocrtico” , behind the back of the majority, while its pair of Venezuela, Hugo Chavez, expressed that the text was made by ” imperio” American. On the footer, the text clarifies that Cuba, Venezuela, Bolivia, Nicaragua and Sudan rejected the document, when considering it as an agreement of minimum reach.

The countries of the Bolivariana Alliance for the Towns of Our America (WHITE) declared the failure of the Summit on Cambio Climtico (COP15) and demanded to the industrialized nations transparent commitments with the preservation of the planet and the human species. The presidents of Venezuela and Bolivia, Hugo Chavez and Evo Morales, respectively, next to the Cuban vice-president, Esteban Bow and leaders of other nations of the block, aimed that for the DAWN and other countries, there is no document in Copenhagen by the lack of political will of the North. Lamentably, the Summit is a failure. We will continue fighting to reach the objectives to save the planet, pointed President Hugo Chavez Certain, that 15a Conference of the United Nations on Cambio Climtico (COP15), says in its final conclusions that the international community would have to avoid that the temperatures increase mentioned the two degrees, but envelope is not pronounced how to do it and who they must take the weight. The UN has calculated that would be necessary that the developed countries less emitted between a 25% and a 40% than in 1990, but the announced supplies, all volunteers, are limited a 17%. It is not arrived. Original author and source of the article.

Conferences

The positivismo had fallen in the dogma and the empty repetition. His ideario of the scientific and technical progress was more rhetorical than real and beyond the passion by the empirical act, it privileges the discipline and the order over the knowledge. In the school emphasis in the memorstico learning became of the doctrinal contents of the scientific matters, in as much that the critic and the creativity were absentees. After the preparatory one, several of the atenestas attended the race of laws, although few of them exerted the profession. Nevertheless, this group of philosophers did not acquire his fundamental knowledge in the school, but they were self-taught. They themselves indicated to their companions of generation like their teachers; he emphasizes Dominican the Pedro Henrquez Urea, intellectual director of the group.

The new generation of young people arises to the public light with the magazine Modern Sap (1906); later it creates the Society of Conferences (1907) and the Athenian of Youth the 28 of October of 1909. The group of young people was interested the same in Literature and the philosophy that in the art; they organized conferences and artistic events, published articles, they read and they discussed philosophical works and of Literature. Before the positivistas ideas of the social darwinismo, the atenestas defended the idea of the free will as bases of the moral consideration of the human acts, besides a freedom of thought in the investigation of the truth and the expression of the ideas. The atenestas leave the literary world of French origin and reclaim the classic languages (Greek and Latin), they comment another type of Literature like English or the Russian, and redescubren Spanish Literature. In the land of the philosophy, all members of the generation of the Athenian agree in their rejection to the positivismo. . The atenestas were worried about the philosophy, the literary creation, the social education and problems, but all this was dominated by a common factor: Its critic to the dominant positivismo of the time.