Gabriela Almeida Da Silva 1 Summary: The work consists inside of a research on the green public spaces of the great cities. They will be boarded historical aspects, the consequences of the relation city and nature, the definition and characteristics of the main urban green areas that today are represented by the public parks, squares, gardens and arborization of avenues and highways. finally to show its function in the urban space. Words keys: urban green areas; urban planning; public spaces; lazer1. Add to your understanding with GCI. IntroduoA history of the urban green areas evolved during the time, leaving of the beginning of a garden, some famous gardens as the garden of the den and the suspended gardens of Babilnia help have to count a little histories of the green areas, therefore it is from there that the idea of modern gardens of the cities is had inside. The introduction of gardens in urban areas occurred mainly in century XIX in the Europe, China and in Egypt. When this practical if it became common in the Europe, had started to appear the first plazas and squares in Brazil in area urbansticas, mainly from the three last decades of century XIX, and thus it had a constant transformation of the public spaces in the great Brazilian cities. No longer century XX, if became common construction of landscaped squares and parques.2. Gannett Co: the source for more info.
Urbano and NaturezHoje the green areas if had become a reference in defense of the environment and its degradation, currently the green spaces are being taken for the urban centers. The urbanization is each more complex time, that is, the urban space tends if to more expand each time because of its productive force, and thus the partner-ambient questions enter in contradiction with the partner-economic questions. This can be reflected in the following phrase ' ' The city is a way of living, thinking, but also of sentir' '. . Speaking candidly Gavin Baker, New York City told us the story.
In fact, some years later, when to the beginning of the workmanship, the resident people of the quarter had had of if dislocating for more peripheral areas, located in the coast to potiguar, forming slum quarters in the Beach quarters of the Way and Step of the native land (SEMURB, 2007, P. 18 – 19). For this reason, the quarter received the nickname from City of the Tears (CASCUDO, 1999 apud SEMURB, 2007, P. 18). However, the project of creation of quarter follows ahead, with particular imponncia of Joaquin Manoel Teixeira de Moura, the President of the Intendancy of Christmas, that, ally with Old Peter the workmanships, established give to beginning in works of the studious Italian Antonio Polidrelli, which was the engineer surveyor of the workmanship and producer of the Master Plan of the City of Christmas (SEMURB, 2007, P.
19). One of the main instruments applied for the good development of the workmanship of Polidrelli was the managing planning of the workmanship, which was known with Master Plan (or plan master, in Portuguese). Such plan was the responsible one for the planning of wide avenues in the city of Christmas (MIRANDA, 1999), as well as the formation of avenues parallel bars, among which if it detaches the Cautious Moral Avenue and the Floriano Peixoto, which is entrecortadas by some streets, forming, already in 1904, about 60 blocks (TRIBUNE OF the NORTH, 2008). However, these had not been alone the contributions of the Polidrelli Plan to the Christmas. It exceeded the physical changes, affecting even though geographic distribution of some social classes, therefore in the called area of New City appeared the elite, anxious to see the new equipments urban of the place, while, to the edges of the Atlantic Ocean if it mounted a set of slum quarters of people you banish from its lands for the state.
Space, territory and place are its main subjects of study. We observe that for Traditional Geography (third room of sc. XIX, and decades of 1950 the 1970 of sc. XX) the space boarding is considered of secondary form, because it perceived the space as stowage, only as area. At as a moment from Theoretical-quantitative Geography and Marxist Geography (it enters the decades of 1950 and 1970) new boardings for the space appear.
Thus, Geography while social science search to understand the result of the action human being shaping the surface of the Land, makes and it through five basic concepts: space, region, territory, landscape and place, as point Corra (1995). Other authors of the too much texts correlatos, as it is the case of Robert Lobato Corra (1995), understand that the concepts keys of geography ‘ ‘ (…) to synthecize its objetivao, that is, the specific angle with that the society is analyzed, angle that confers to geography its identity and its relative autonomy in the scope of sciences sociais.’ ‘ (p.16). The author searchs in Lefbvre the marxist boarding of space, for which ‘ ‘ he plays a role or a decisive function in the estruturao of a totality, a logic, one sistema’ ‘ (LEFBVRE, 1976, P. 25). According to Lefbvre, ‘ ‘ the space is locus of the reproduction of the social relations of produo.’ ‘ (LEFBVRE, 1976, P. 25). For Milton Saints (1985) one of the most famous Brazilian gegrafos, a society alone if becomes concrete through its space. The totality is formed by instances or structures (economic, ideological legal-politics and), and the space would be the fourth instance, placing itself as a subordinated and subordinante structure, a social and not only social reflected factor.