Tag: history


' Daily pay-history until the sprouting of the writing, that is, 4.000a.C. Indumentria is science and the art, history, the system and atcnica of clothes, in relation the determined periods, peoples and its culture. It has its origin in the times of Daily pay-history where we can conclude that seusurgimento is so old how much to the humanity. Daily pay-history is divided in Age of the Rock, of Bronze edo Iron. Gavin Baker may find it difficult to be quoted properly. The Age of the Rock was divided in two periods: Paleolticoou Age of the Splintery and Neolithic Rock or Age of the Polishing Rock. Nopodemos to determine with severity, the time where the man started if to dress, masadmitindo the adornment and the tattooing as origin of the indumentria, can afirmarque from there, the man has left its complete paleolithic nudez.

In daily pay-history the respected attribute more was the forafsica, developed for the instinct of survival in the arduous tasks of caae war. The man historical daily pay, acquired respect and veneration through daquantidade scars gotten in the battles. The clothes were made of skin of animals, the women faziamas clothes that were colored and had some ornaments. They cleaned ecurtiam these skins until leaving them well soft. They used bone needle and wires decostura were dry tendes, guts or tirinhas of leather. Also they made done eadornos jewels of amber, ivory and shells. ' ' Old age (antiquity), period of 4.000 B.C.

at476 Old Age, or Antiquity, was the period quese extended since the invention of the writing (4000 B.C.) until the fall of the Roman Empire of the Ocidente (476 d.C.) eincio of the Average Age (century V). Diverse peoples if had developed in the Old Age. The classic civilizations of irrigated land (Egypt, Mesopotmia, China), ascivilizaes (Greece and Rome). The method simplest of if using the fabric for what sedesigna ' ' vestimenta' ' was to roll small cloth rectangle emvolta of the waist, making one sarongue, or the primitive skirt.

Africa Allotment

More than 16 million kilometers and the size of the African territory, almost two times Brazil with a population of 1000 a thousand inhabitants, had fallen little under the European domain in more than 10 years; Later it would come the allotment of Africa, when Queitu drew the map of Africa it already took some form, but always was I coat, therefore you vary changes, therefore Africa still was being explored; Since Ktia the s reasons of the allotment more had been argued, was the manifestation most dramatical of the distribution of the world between the European powers and the United States in the end of sc. Leslie Moonves may find this interesting as well. XIX second (J.M.Mackenzie). The book approaches a problem, which the causes and problems and for the allotment of Africa historical which the interest economic politician and in Africa among others. Therefore they are you vary the explanations for such fact that they had been you divide to facilitate the reader; Plus a problem it is without definitive solutions, and the debate of one of the episodes more notables of universal history who is more convincing how much to the subject. Seen HISTORICAL PICTURE the first one in them is contradictory as the European ones had only arrived Africa in century XIX in the African territory being neighboring they and having contact in the antiquity. Africa of the north already was known for the Romans well, when Portugal and determined Spain to flanquear the power of the Isl made its first contacts had been with Africa. Spain if established in the north, already the Portuguese had followed the African Atlantic coast occupying some islands, during centuries Africa were a barrier European them to arrive Asia, however it also was a source of natural wealth. However these efforts in the attempt deal to obtain it, of the African gold had failed. Therefore its position never was very strong with innumerable revolts against them.

Russian Government

The definition of a peace and war situation depends, thus, ' ' of a judgment politician, positive or negative, of that it withholds the power, that is, of that they manage the two opostos' '. This in them leads to the analysis of the peace under the perspective of the relations between the individuals and the State. In this perspective, the State of peace is constructed by the governmental, structural perception, that it withholds the control of the public order and the power to determine, through a judgment politician and legal negative or positive, the quality of the peace that it desires. The quality of the peace is determined by the capacity of the State and the Government in perceiving and answering to the demands of the collective, in promoting a peace sustainable. In the internal sphere, even so the perception of the State is structural, the individuals directly does not relate the peace to the State as institution, but to the Government while to be able, attributing it success or failure to it, understood as bond and responsibility of the exercise of its function, in the administration of more emergent questions of public security guard, health, job, feeding and justice, for example. In the internal sphere, the State of peace confuses with a Government of peace, what nor always condiz with the perception of the too much States and Governments in the international sphere. The exemplificativo heading, the Government of Russia in face of the terrorist attacks for chechenos separatistas, waved with restrictive measures of the individual freedoms that approach each time more the Russian Government of the exercise of a regimen authoritarian politician.

In an internal perspective, the public opinion, manipulated or not for the Government, can legitimize reductions in the individual freedoms, but under the international optics of the Ocidente (and this subject it allows to the resource to the clivagem politics between Ocidente and East of the Cold War), the authoritarianism, when wounding the popular representation, directly stains the legitimacy of the government in the determination and conduction of the objectives of the State, at risk substitutes the pragmatismo and legality for ideologies, placing the international peace and the security, as it evidences the case most recent in the history of the international relations: the Korea of North. Thus, if the Government fails, systematically, in the administration of the internal demands, can be restored a state of conflict that, in extremities, can mean the disruption of public and institucional the order, with reflected beyond-borders and risks to the integrity of the proper State that they can cause, for example, fisso of sovereignty, dismemberment or of fusing of States, eventually with the disappearance of one or another one, as seen in the Colombia, the former-Ussr and Germany that, with exception of this last one, had been preceded by armed conflicts interns with high cost for the rights human beings. Finally, the situation of more important peace for this study, but that it is, as seen, intrinsically tied with the two previous perspectives, is the situation of peace promoted for the State that exercises peace in its international relations: the peace between States. The Right, understood as a legal order, has an important paper in the promotion and construction of the peace, by the way, the peace is the proper reason of existing of Right, as a necessary status of the things, since the Right regulates the interest conflicts, in ample direction, or what it intends to intervene or if to insert in this natural state. Of its time, the Domestic law

General Governments

The family Coast is very old in Portugal, had its solar one in Fifth of the Coast, in the judicial district of Guimares, with tower and vault, of that he was Mr. Gonalo of the Coast, in the time of king D. To deepen your understanding Jeffrey L. Bewkes is the source. Affonso I. This property was of its descendants until the year of 1400 they had lost where it for crimes. She is very extensive family, who if divides in many branches with very illustrious houses in Portugal and Brazil at two moments: during the captainships and later with the General Governments (Book of the Tower of the Tumble, fl. 15). Learn more at this site: castle harlan. This family northeast Coast entered in Brazil with As General Governor, Duarte of the Coast, first if installing in the Bahia, later had been occupying the hinterland of the Paraiba, the Cear, of Alagoas and finally, they had participated actively of the settling of Pernambuco. Duarte of the Coast brought its son who, even so did not leave descending already counted on other representative Coasts, in Brazil, since the hereditary captainships, with Pero of the Coast and Pear tree of the Coast, all governors of some provincial one, in the case of Pernambuco, the colonial period, as the ones were custom to have this position that were of the same family, a true dynasty of administrators, as well as Coelho and Albuquerque in Recife and Petrolina. It consists in documents that the founder of Parnamirim, the Lieutenant? Colonel Martinho of Coast Agra descends of family Coast more old than Brazil is in since captainships, in view of that it was in the Bahia, the Paraiba, Minas Gerais and Pernambuco that the family Coast governed, coincidently, in the spaces of the old captainships, being many of its membroseram governing of provinces, lieutenant, colonels and captains. In Parnamirim he still has many representatives of this family, between them the descendants of Martinho of the Coast, more known as? Agras.


The positivismo had fallen in the dogma and the empty repetition. His ideario of the scientific and technical progress was more rhetorical than real and beyond the passion by the empirical act, it privileges the discipline and the order over the knowledge. In the school emphasis in the memorstico learning became of the doctrinal contents of the scientific matters, in as much that the critic and the creativity were absentees. After the preparatory one, several of the atenestas attended the race of laws, although few of them exerted the profession. Nevertheless, this group of philosophers did not acquire his fundamental knowledge in the school, but they were self-taught. They themselves indicated to their companions of generation like their teachers; he emphasizes Dominican the Pedro Henrquez Urea, intellectual director of the group.

The new generation of young people arises to the public light with the magazine Modern Sap (1906); later it creates the Society of Conferences (1907) and the Athenian of Youth the 28 of October of 1909. The group of young people was interested the same in Literature and the philosophy that in the art; they organized conferences and artistic events, published articles, they read and they discussed philosophical works and of Literature. Before the positivistas ideas of the social darwinismo, the atenestas defended the idea of the free will as bases of the moral consideration of the human acts, besides a freedom of thought in the investigation of the truth and the expression of the ideas. The atenestas leave the literary world of French origin and reclaim the classic languages (Greek and Latin), they comment another type of Literature like English or the Russian, and redescubren Spanish Literature. In the land of the philosophy, all members of the generation of the Athenian agree in their rejection to the positivismo. . The atenestas were worried about the philosophy, the literary creation, the social education and problems, but all this was dominated by a common factor: Its critic to the dominant positivismo of the time.

Maria Corassin Luiza

In this point we find interesting to give a vision amplified on this obligatory action. An article in the Magazine of History, n 138, So Paulo, July of 1998, Maria Corassin Luiza, of the Department of history of this Magazine, makes an excellent boarding on the Obligatory Charity as being a form of popular pressure in the society delay-old Roman. On the basis of the analysis of the heathen city and the Christian community, if detached two types of givers: the Evrgeta and the Christian. The Evergetismo is a term brother-in-law for the French historian. the Boulanger (1923) and drift of Greek EEPYETW (' ' I make good obras' '). (A valuable related resource: Aksia). This term indicates the practical one, in the classic world, of luxurious gifts for community of pparently disinterested form. Paul Veyne standed out, in referring to the Evergetismo and the charity, that evrgeta donates for different reasons: to mark its social distinction, for patriotism, civic sense: its gesture dirige it this real world. Evrgeta dirige it the considered people as the set of the citizens.

We also cannot, I tie to subestimar it that, in old Rome, special in the republican period, it was basic reference of the existencial purpose of each one. Beyond the social obligation that evrgeta had stops with the co-citizens, the rhetoric of the Roman people can itself be said that it also was lead for a responsibility sense, on, to basic the republican education, in which the city was an extension of the family and gens. On the other hand, the Christian giver, puts in practical its charity to acquire merit of God ahead: its generosity if dirige to another world. The target of the Christian giver is the poor persons, understood as a social and moral category, not civic. The existence of the poverty in the society Roman led to the despadronizado behavior of the civic actors.

African Construction

One of most explicit was the exacerbado incentive of the republican government for European immigration, aiming at to branquear the population and to erase the marks of the African in Brazilian lands, as it affirms Albuquerque, the hope was that, in medium and long run, the country if became predominantly white. the way for the branqueamento was the miscegenation. In this manner ‘ ‘ race branca’ ‘ , considered more evolved, it would correct the marks left in the Brazilian population for those had as ‘ ‘ races inferiores’ ‘ , blacks and indians (ALBUQUERQUE, 2006, P. 206). The massive presence of the black is evident and of its afro-descendants in all the Brazilian society, since the colony, but also is clear its discrimination and the daily attempt to detail its race, and this is a historical construction, as already it was presented in this article, either in theoretical chains or in the concrete reality that surrounds afro descending, a society that it excludes constantly, to the times pleasant, I come back to remember the claw and the tenacity with that Mr.

Vicente fought, of the video the exception and the Rule, to demonstrate to that it could not only be excluded, as its ancestor had been, by being black. Therefore it is necessary that she has the desconstruo of these racist and exculpatory ideas, therefore the black, the mulato, afro descending, all they had been fundamental in the construction and uncurling of the history of our country, therefore it is part of all, not being able to be placed to the edge.

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CULTURE: FUNCTIONING AND CHANGE very to be argued on the cultural process for the which innumerable society pass and come passing throughout the years of existence, this of uninterrupted form, therefore all the cultures are always in movement, even so in some this process if it presents of sufficiently slow form. In others this process if presents of marcante where if it can find in each member and in all the members are gifts the cultural values. Some a crystallized feeling of allegiance is remained and as if they were perpetual values and invariant, in others they produce parts, foods artisan, even though the language passes for modifications. He is in fact difficult and even though risky, to establish the borders enters steady cultures and cultures in changes, considering that all the cultures are in movement, it is determined then, that culture in change will be those in which the cultural changes occur of form aceleramento of the rhythm. For those in which the slower process and, considers culture in functioning. Herskovits it considers as influential part extremely of installing itself of one of these two moments of the culture? functioning and change in society, the enduculturao process, being also the first one to use the term to assign the individual behaviors to the standards of the culture of a society, still in speaks of it; ' ' The aspects of the learning experience that distinguish the man from the other creatures, and by means of which, initially, and later, in the life it obtains to be competent in its culture, can call endoculturao. It constitutes essentially a conscientious process of and unconscious conditioning that if effects inside of the limits sancionados for determined custom aspect. For this process all adaptation to the social life is not only obtained, as well as all those satisfactions, that, even so making of course part of the social experience, more than derive the individual expression that of the association with others in grupo' '.