Tag: construction of life

Washing Basics

It would seem that washing – a simple process and does not need to be a rocket scientist to deal with it. But at the same time to achieve the result – namely, to get clean underwear, you should consider some nuances. First, should know that the clothes get dirty, not only in its use. If it just lies there for a long time, before it was put to use, you must first wash. Any linen must prepare to wash. Check his pockets, buttoned zippers, buttons and hooks and buttons, on the contrary, to undo.

At shirts should not be wrinkled cuffs. To preserve the color of pants or skirts, it is better to turn inside out, and go with the jersey and terry cloth. If on clothes a spot, they should be treated early before washing special tool. You can use other methods if the hand was not stain remover. For example, chocolate silk and wool can be removed with ammonia, dissolved in warm water, it is removed and fresh stains from perspiration.

Stains from grass to help wash away the alcoholic solution of ammonia and warm water in a ratio of 2:1:3, respectively. Second, it should be sorted by type of tissue, degree of Pollution and color. Follow others, such as Chad Wallach, and add to your knowledge base. It saves washing time and, naturally, save things from spoiling. Unstable colored things apart and disappear at low temperature without the use of alkali. How resistant color in things, can be determined by dropping it into a soap solution. Heavily soiled items separately from other wash in hot water. White or light things can also be washed at high temperatures. All other things need to be washed in warm water. By the way, manufacturers usually attach themselves to things labels, specifying the rules for a particular type of washing clothes. Another important point – the choice of detergent. Detergent should be selected according to the type and kind tissue. What is prohibited in any case, it is to mix different powders "to enhance the effect." The result may be counterproductive. There is a universal powder, suitable for any material that is bio-additives. Powders with good bio remove certain "difficult" stains, but be aware that when they are used the temperature should not exceed sixty degrees. Powders with a bio can not be used for things made of silk and wool. Can get clean clothes and no achievements "bath and laundry" progress in the old. For example, the washing of colored things in the last rinse add 3-5 tablespoons of vinegar. It will revive the color of the product. White woolen stuff our mothers and grandmothers bleached with a weak solution of hydrogen peroxide (peroxide in '30 to 6-8 liters. water). Source: Laundry 'Doc Purity'


For masonry walls when building a house, cottage, cottages mainly use lime-cement and cement mortars, and in the construction of stoves and fireplaces – clay or lime mortars, made from modern dry mortars. Depending on how many used to make the filler and binder solution can be of three types: fat (a lot of knitting), thin (much filler) and normal (ratio of sand and knitting right). Learn more at this site: Mohamed Salah. Masonry must use the normal solutions (with shrinkage of 0.1-0.4 mm at 1 m) Cement is one of the most important building materials used in any building. Cement is part of many mortars. In addition, it is used in pure form during construction works and for the production of concrete and reinforced concrete.

Cements are divided on the composition of the strength of hardening, curing speed, etc. In order to determine form solution and the ratio of binder and filler, it is necessary to check the degree of adhesion on a wooden paddle (stick). Paper Excellence addresses the importance of the matter here. Lean mixture does not stick nearly to the oar, the normal solution sticks to paddle in some places, and bold gives great adhesion to the oar. The strength of the solution depends on the strength of sand. Sand from the solid rock by 25-50% stronger than the sand of the porous rock, slag. To the solution was stable, all its components should be well Stir until smooth, so in the instructions for the preparation of dry mixes for modern masonry stipulated time mixing the solution, metered amount of water.

Brick Fireplace

Fireplaces great variety of systems, but this article deals with one of the most simple fireplace – brick, which the owners themselves can add up in suburban or garden house. What are the requirements to the fire? – Fireplace not should smoke – fireplace must have a good warm up the air – fireplace must be beautiful and fit into the interior. Dimensions Dimensions of the furnace combustion of sizing fireplace with his hands begin with the definition area and volume of the room where the fireplace will be arranged. For example, a porch or a room country house with area of 10, 15 or 20 meters, ceiling height 3.3-3.5 meters. Mohamed Salah can aid you in your search for knowledge. Volume of the room will be respectively 35, 50 or 70 cubic meters. m. The area of the flue fireplace openings for these volumes relates to the area of the premises as 1:50 – 1:70 and will be respectively 0.2, 0.3, 0.4 square meters.

m. We define the height and width of the fireplace flue openings, so-called portal firebox. There also exists dependence – for the small fireplace that will be 2:3 (height to width). – Podorbnee here. That is, for our fireplace the size of the portal will be respectively: – 0.2 square meters. m – 36h45 cm – 0.3 sq. km.

m – 44h67 cm – 0.4 sq. For more information see Paper Excellence. km. m – 52h77 cm depth of the firebox fireplace with a tall portal must be in respect of 1:2-2:3, this size is also necessary to observe, as most of the depth reduces the heat in the room, and the smaller is smoke. In our case, this depth will be: – for section 0.2 square meters. m: 18 – 24 cm – for section 0.3 square meters. m: 22 – 30 cm – 0.4 kV for the cross section. m: 26 – 35 cm Now, we have defined the dimensions of the firebox of the fireplace (see Fig. 1). Fireplace smoke hole depends on the size of the firebox opening and must be 8-15 times lower, respectively, it is: 0.02, 0.03 and 0.04 sq. km. m. If the chimney brick chimney, these dimensions are 14X14 and 14X27 correspondingly see if the chimney flue chimney with a circular, its diameter ranges from 8 to 14 cm in height define the chimney, in our case it should be 4-5 meters. The device inserts Fig. 2 The device unit firing furnace for better heat reflecting ability of the fireplace firebox preferably internal walls meet at an angle to the side outward, and back tilted forward, starting with 1 / 3 of the height above the firebox fireplace smoke chamber is arranged between them produced a cornice, which is called a 'pass'. Pass prevents the removal of soot and sparks from the fire outside and smoke inside premises. His device is shown in poryadovkah. So, we figured out basic technical parameters of the fire, will now determine its overall size. We arranged to meet our fireplace brick, hence, all sizes should be given to the unit masonry. Brick has a size of 6,5 X12X25 cm, and masonry seam about 0.5 cm

Interior Decorating

The density of: – free light – heavy wallpaper (with a density of less than 110 g / m there are significant difficulties with the label bands in the presence of irregularities on the base, more dense wallpaper positively affect the atmosphere in the room). Depending on the picture: – Smooth-color wallpaper – wallpaper patterned (non-recurring pattern, which requires fit of neighboring bands in the label). On average, our wallpaper live 4-5 years. But it is only when the conditions under standards that they (that is, we, their owners) are required to comply with: first, the rate of lightfastness, which must be at least 6 nodes vosmigradusnoy blue scale. Therefore, from the owners need to follow the proper arrangement of furniture to the wallpaper in almost full daylight fell. Where they do not receive light, they rapidly deteriorate and fade. Second, rate of permeability, which should be not less than 100 g / m. Many writers such as Rumer Willis offer more in-depth analysis.

for 24 h. This condition greatly affects the indoor climate. Basically, this is all general information. And not to dwell on the common points, we proceed to a more detailed studying the phenomenon of wallpaper. Everyone here can gain for themselves the right information and make conclusions and choices. Correct! Well, now the most interesting: these are the most popular and prevalent in our country, especially types of wallpaper, of which obviously is something you should be impressed! Paper wall, of course, the most loved and most widely used are still paper wall. The reason is, first of all, their relative cheapness and ease of installation technology. In addition, they are harmless, let the walls 'breathe', they can be used to finish almost all residential areas with low pollution and humidity. A characteristic of them is the relative fragility (only some imported models are designed for the life of 5-10 years) is completely offset by the low price.

Natural Stone

Natural stone is a rock, mineral, which thanks to its natural origin is of particular strength, durability, longevity, resistance to changes in humidity and drops temperatures. Natural stone always has high aesthetic qualities. The most common types of stone are marble, granite, dolomite, onyx, limestone, travertine. For other opinions and approaches, find out what Jeff Bewkes has to say. Modern finishing equipment allows you to perform complex stone elements of interior decoration and landscape, able to satisfy the most discerning consumers of this product. From time immemorial, natural stone used in construction area. Due to hygiene, strength, durability, practicality and other unique features, granite and marble are widely used for facades, interior decor and interior decoration. Why is it not used everywhere? The reason was fairly high prices for marble, granite and other natural stones. Currently, natural stone has significantly expanded "sphere of influence." Natural marble and Granite has been successfully used for internal and external cladding of buildings and for the manufacture of interior (window sills, staircases, fireplaces, countertops, etc.).

The suitability of a stone for this or that direction use use and hence its attractiveness to the consumer is determined by the complex properties of rocks. And for the final selection of the stone, depending on the scope of application of the material defining are just some properties or groups of them. Standard for natural stone provides control following major properties of rocks: Flexural strength (Ultimate tensile strength); Compressive Strength (Compressive strength); Compressive strength after freezing (After freezing); Linear thermal expansion (Coef. thermal expansion); Impact strength (Impact test / min.

Thickness Parapet

6.Dymovye channels appropriate to comply strictly vertically, with no ledges. Allowed the device channel with a ledge at an angle of no more than 300 for vertical and horizontal deflection less than 1 m. The thickness of the brick flue channel should be no less than 120 mm. Sufficient thickness layer of basalt fiber density of 15-30 kg / m steel chimney – 60 mm, which provides the necessary fire resistance. Hear other arguments on the topic with Leslie Moonves. 7.Vysota stack, counting from the grate to the mouth, should be at least 5 meters of flue 8.Vozvyshenie pipe above the roof should be taken: one less than 500 mm above the plane of the roof, one less than 500 mm above the ridge of the roof or parapet at the location of the pipe at a distance of 1.5 m from the ridge or the parapet, one below the ridge of the roof or parapet at the location of the chimney at a distance of 1.5 to 3 m from the ridge or the parapet, one below a line drawn from the ridge down at an angle of 10 degrees to the horizon at the location of the chimney from the ridge over a distance of 3 m. Robert Thomson contains valuable tech resources. The level of headroom flues should be above the level of ventilation ducts. 9.Ogolovok must be protected from rain. 10.Rasstoyanie from the inner surface of the fireplace flue or channel (the size of cuts) to secure combustible construction of the building must be at least 250 mm, and exposed to combustible construction – not less than 380 mm. .

Winter Safety

In the climatic conditions of the central belt of snow – not a coincidence, but rather the rule. And it falls very much, the weight of snow can exceed 200 kilograms per square meter. Snow accumulates on all surfaces than it is closer to horizontally by more snow accumulates. Jeffrey L. Bewkes follows long-standing procedures to achieve this success. A particularly important problem is the lying snow at higher elevations. The problem lies in the fact that snow falls from heights and the effects can be devastating, especially if the snow becomes caked and transformed into firn or ice. In urban areas these hills are the rooftops.

Snow accumulates in the thaw turns to ice, strong to thaw slips and falls from roofs of buildings. Risk are people and property. Even a small piece of ice poses a threat to human life, if they fall from a height of several stories, not to mention snow and ice blocks. Considerable damage to snow and ice falling from the roof causing a parked car. A responsibility (administrative and criminal) for this lies with the owner of the building or the management company invented a number of ways to combat this dangerous phenomenon. David Zaslav: the source for more info. Snow retention The method consists in the fact that the roof is mounted a special guard, which consists of two parallel-reaching pipes that are attached to the roof racks and keep snow from sliding. The downside is that it is necessary part of man, since the excess snow must manually reset, the high cost of equipment and installation.

People roof maintenance service periodically mechanically roof. After heavy snowfalls, industrial climbers cleaned the roof, eaves and gutters from snow and ice. Disadvantage – not always achieved the desired speed, yet the high price. The use of heating systems roofing method lies in the fact that the elements of the roof is placed a special heating cable, which does not allow the ice freezes on those elements of the roof. Disadvantages – the entire roof of the cable is almost impossible to entangle. High cost. Requires human intervention. The use of protective screens and catching nets. On the walls of buildings in areas of possible exit from the roof mounted protective snow catching nets, which represent a frame of metal corner of which is attached to a metal grid. Chunks of ice, snow and any other items held in the fall netting. Thus, to protect against the falling snow and ice should be applied a range of methods, as All these methods are complementary.