Space, territory and place are its main subjects of study. We observe that for Traditional Geography (third room of sc. XIX, and decades of 1950 the 1970 of sc. XX) the space boarding is considered of secondary form, because it perceived the space as stowage, only as area. At as a moment from Theoretical-quantitative Geography and Marxist Geography (it enters the decades of 1950 and 1970) new boardings for the space appear.
Thus, Geography while social science search to understand the result of the action human being shaping the surface of the Land, makes and it through five basic concepts: space, region, territory, landscape and place, as point Corra (1995). Other authors of the too much texts correlatos, as it is the case of Robert Lobato Corra (1995), understand that the concepts keys of geography ‘ ‘ (…) to synthecize its objetivao, that is, the specific angle with that the society is analyzed, angle that confers to geography its identity and its relative autonomy in the scope of sciences sociais.’ ‘ (p.16). The author searchs in Lefbvre the marxist boarding of space, for which ‘ ‘ he plays a role or a decisive function in the estruturao of a totality, a logic, one sistema’ ‘ (LEFBVRE, 1976, P. 25). According to Lefbvre, ‘ ‘ the space is locus of the reproduction of the social relations of produo.’ ‘ (LEFBVRE, 1976, P. 25). For Milton Saints (1985) one of the most famous Brazilian gegrafos, a society alone if becomes concrete through its space. The totality is formed by instances or structures (economic, ideological legal-politics and), and the space would be the fourth instance, placing itself as a subordinated and subordinante structure, a social and not only social reflected factor.