In the wild bees are located mainly in hollow trees. Our homeland has always been abundant forests. Of course, that the bees in the woods was a lot. Our forefathers forefathers engaged in apiculture, ie, collect honey and propolis wild bees. In order for the number of bee apiaries multiplied, people bore cavity. Such artificial hollow called the board. In the western regions of our country have long made of twigs or straw sapotki, coated with alumina. Such sapotki quickly attracted the interest of the bees happily settled in them.
Nevertheless, over time, the size of the forest has become smaller, and our grandfathers, beekeepers have decided to cut down a side at the remote places of the forest, putting them in one place. This gave rise to the bee-bee-keeping. However, these designs were solid hives. A man digging them, the bees settle in, built up, but at harvest time beekeeper was razlamat bee house removing pieces of honeycomb. Of course, such that the hive was not practical, and yield to them was insufficient.
On that beekeepers have tried to improve the hives. First invented lineechnye hives. They settled down on top cover. Inside a lid mounted perpendicular to the line under each of which the bees build honeycombs. Thus, the beekeeper was able to gently separate the ticker with the honeycombs from the other without destroying or losing share of honey. Maybe many beekeepers have long suspected that these houses lineechnye bees became the ancestors of the current framework. In 1814 a famous Russian beekeeper Peter Prokopovich invented the collapsible frame new hive. However, before this the manufacturer was trying to make something similar. For example, a scientist from Bulgaria Mendelbah loved beekeeping training and engaged in the understanding of bees and used in his "book hive." In 1877, Belgian Hilzenberg scientist has invented a more convenient collapsible frame hive and patented it. Develop a framework hive was an important moment in the history pasechnitstva. Now in the collection of honey the beekeeper did not have to blanket a swarm to to destroy the bees and harvest their crops. It is possible to extract the frame, replacing them blank. Thus, the beekeeper can also observe that the life of bees, honey extract schepitilno, but also, importantly, to use one family of bees than one time, to expand its apiary and receive high yields. Further framework hives more modernized. The current hive can be disassembled, finish. In general, the beekeeper can easily lead a life of bees, and fasten it to the he needs direction.